By Lillian A. Ackerman
Some time past, many local American cultures have taken care of men and women as equals. In ''A worthwhile Balance,'' Lillian A. Ackerman examines the stability of strength and accountability among women and men inside of all the 11 Plateau Indian tribes who reside this present day at the Colville Indian Reservation in north-central Washington nation.
Ackerman analyzes tribal cultures over 3 historic classes lasting greater than a century--the conventional previous, the farming part while Indians have been compelled onto the reservation, and the twentieth-century commercial current. Ackerman examines gender equality when it comes to energy, authority, and autonomy in 4 social spheres: fiscal, family, political, and non secular.
Although early explorers and anthropologists famous remoted cases of gender equality between Plateau Indians, ''A priceless Balance'' is the 1st book-length exam of a tradition that has practiced such equality from its early days of searching and collecting to the current day. Ackerman’s findings additionally relate to an exam of eu and American cultures, calling into query the present assumption that gender equality ceases to be attainable with the appearance of industrialization.
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Additional info for A Necessary Balance: Gender and Power Among Indians of the Columbia Plateau
S. ” THE RESERVATION SETTING The offices of the Colville Confederated Tribes and the headquarters of the Bureau of Indian Affairs are situated near Nespelem, Washington, the 30 A NECESSARY BALANCE approximate center of the reservation. Four voting districts exist within the reservation. From west to east, they center around the towns of Omak, Nespelem, Keller, and Inchelium (see map 2). The small city of Omak lies just outside reservation boundaries, with an Indian population of about 1o percent of the total.
Anyone in Plateau societies had the right to resources, and no one could deny that access. Further, stratification is limited in hunter-gatherer societies because an accumulation of wealth would be a hindrance to a nomadic lifestyle (Duley and Edwards 1986:37). Despite what was once taken for granted in anthropological knowledge, there has been a recent challenge to the concept of egalitarianism in the foraging cultures of the Plateau and elsewhere. ,Hayden 1992 in the Plateau; Sheehan 1997 in Alaska) where it has not been discerned before.
S. government to negotiate with the tribes for their lands to accommodate the white settlements that were already present and to concentrate the Indians in finite portions of the territory. Stevens invited the Plateau Indians to the Walla Walla Council in 1855. Over 6,000 Indians attended, but not all tribes had representatives. During the council, which lasted from May 29 to June 1 1,1855, Stevens urged the Indians to sign treaties giving up much of their land, in return promising them reservations for their own exclusive use.
A Necessary Balance: Gender and Power Among Indians of the Columbia Plateau by Lillian A. Ackerman