By John C. van Dyke
John Charles van Dyke (1856-1932) used to be an American artwork historian and critic. He was once born at New Brunswick, N. J., studied at Columbia, and for a few years in Europe. together with his booklet chronicling the historical past of portray from cave work to the fashionable period. absolutely illustrated.
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John Charles van Dyke (1856-1932) was once an American artwork historian and critic. He was once born at New Brunswick, N. J. , studied at Columbia, and for a few years in Europe. together with his ebook chronicling the heritage of portray from cave work to the trendy period. totally illustrated.
Extra info for A Text-Book of the History of Painting (Illustrated Edition)
FIG. —EZEKIEL BEFORE THE LORD. MS. ILLUMINATION. PARIS, NINTH CENTURY. There was no chance for painting to rise under the prevailing conditions. Free artistic creation was denied the artist. An advocate of painting at the Second Nicene Council declared that: "It is not the invention of the painter that creates the picture, but an inviolable law of the Catholic Church. It is not the painter but the holy fathers who have to invent and dictate. " Painting was in a strait-jacket. It had to follow precedent and copy what had gone before in old Byzantine patterns.
CECILIA. THIRD CENTURY. For many centuries the religious motive held strong, and art was the servant of the Church. It taught the Bible truths, but it also embellished and adorned the interiors of the churches. All the frescos, mosaics, and altar-pieces had a decorative motive in their coloring and setting. The church building was a house of refuge for the oppressed, and it was made attractive not only in its lines and proportions but in its ornamentation. Hence the two motives of the early work—religious teaching and decoration.
Fabius Pictor (fl. ) is one of the celebrated names in historical painting, and later on Pacuvius, Metrodorus, and Serapion are mentioned. In the last century of the Republic, Sopolis, Dionysius, and Antiochus Gabinius excelled in portraiture. ), though after that there were interesting portraits produced, especially those found in the Fayoum (Egypt). FIG. —PORTRAIT-HEAD. ) EXTANT REMAINS: The frescos that are left to us to-day are largely the work of mechanical decorators rather than creative artists.
A Text-Book of the History of Painting (Illustrated Edition) by John C. van Dyke