By Robert L. Dorman
The careers and concepts of 4 figures of enormous value within the heritage of yankee conservation—George Perkins Marsh, Henry David Thoreau, John Muir, and John Wesley Powell—are explored in A be aware for Nature. Robert Dorman bargains energetic photographs of every of those early environmental advocates, who witnessed firsthand the impression of monetary enlargement and business revolution on fragile landscapes from the forests of recent England to the mountains of the West. via interpreting the nineteenth-century international during which the 4 males lived—its society, economic climate, politics, and culture—Dorman sheds gentle at the roots of yankee environmentalism. He presents an summary of the early a long time of either source conservation and wasteland protection, discussing how Marsh, Thoreau, Muir, and Powell helped outline the problems that all started altering the nation's attitudes towards its surroundings via the early 20th century. Dorman's readings of works together with Marsh's guy and Nature, Thoreau's The Maine Woods, Muir's The Mountains of California, and Powell's document at the Lands of the Arid zone display their authors' impact on environmental notion and politics even as much as the current day.
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Additional resources for A word for nature: four pioneering environmental advocates, 1845-1913
But as the country's economy became through these institutions more market-oriented, interconnected, systemicand more dynamicit also became more subject to the busts that went with the unprecedented booms that many were experiencing. During Marsh's business career, nationwide depressions hit in 181923, 183743, and 1857. One local and personal vantage on these broader trends of antebellum commercialization, industrialization, and urbanization appears in Susan Fenimore Cooper's 1850 book, Rural Hours.
Although wilderness preservation and resource conservation received the most public attention at the turn of the century, they have not since ceased to be important environmental issues; nor have urban and regional planning, which enjoyed a heyday in the first half of the twentieth century, particularly in the early 1900s and again in the 1930s. The postwar emphasis on environmental protection may be seen as the latest stage in an ever-expanding awareness of the damage that humans may do to the natural world and to themselves in their interdependence with nature.
Yet Cooper seemed well aware that this folk-agrarian way of life was ending, that the urban world of commerce and industry was ever encroaching. " The very same "wants" had driven the farmer to "turn his timber into banknotes," deforesting the countryside. . "17 These perceptions of Cooper's and those of growing numbers of educated women and men in the antebellum period were expressions of the sensibility of Romanticism (see Chapter 2). Of course, not every woman Page 18 with leisure was a writer like Cooper, but in their more conventional domestic round, many were able to participate in Romantic "nature appreciation" through reading and other hobbies, such as botany.
A word for nature: four pioneering environmental advocates, 1845-1913 by Robert L. Dorman