Read e-book online Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global PDF

By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley

ISBN-10: 113746125X

ISBN-13: 9781137461254

ISBN-10: 1349498874

ISBN-13: 9781349498871

Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for tutorial positions - is a debatable yet strangely universal perform across the world. This ebook is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the reasons, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.

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Read e-book online Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global PDF

Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for educational positions - is a debatable yet strangely universal perform the world over. This ebook is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the factors, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.

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The fact that departmental prestige may explain inbreeding rates was also illustrated by Yim (2011), who found a U-shaped relationship between these variables. The level of inbreeding is higher at high-status and low-status departments as units with these profiles feel more free not to follow the norms of hiring outsiders, while inbreeding is least common in middle-status departments, which feel they should conform to established hiring norms that do not favor inbreeding. Inbreeding may also be a function of a department’s stage of development, which can be “regressing” (when there are limited resources or severe uncertainty), “maintaining” (when a department is stable), or “actualizing” (when departments are growing in resources and image) (Bridgeland 1982).

The authors found that Brazilian agricultural academics published mostly in domestic journals and predominantly cited their colleagues from the same Olga Gorelova and Maria Yudkevich 37 university. Most academic communications and knowledge exchange also happened internally in the institution, and the authors see inbreeding practices in Brazil as the reason for that (Velho and Krige 1984). In Mexico, studies of inbreeding are more up-to-date. In 2007, a study of academic inbreeding and scientific productivity in Mexico looked at a sample of 414 academics from 14 institutions, borrowed from a survey conducted to analyze the impact of public policies on processes of institutional change within Mexican higher education institutions.

Such scholarly productivity is usually approximated by the number of publications produced by academics, but in some studies the quality of these publications (estimated by various citation indexes) is also taken into account. Some researchers (Dutton 1980; Horta 2013) have explored the difference in productivity not only between inbred and noninbred faculty members but also between academics whose careers are characterized by different degrees of mobility. Such studies usually show that immobility is an even more salient predictor of inferior productivity than inbreeding itself, as inbred academics and adherents (academics who have been immobile since taking up their first academic position after completing their degrees) demonstrated practically the same levels of productivity.

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Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global Perspectives by Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley


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