Read e-book online African American Urban Experience: Perspectives from the PDF

By Joe W. Trotter, Earl Lewis, Tera W. Hunter

ISBN-10: 0312294654

ISBN-13: 9780312294656

ISBN-10: 1403979162

ISBN-13: 9781403979162

From the early years of the African slave exchange to the USA, blacks have lived and laboured in city environments. but the transformation of rural blacks right into a predominantly city humans is a comparatively contemporary phenomenon - merely in the course of global conflict One did African americans circulate into towns in huge numbers, and merely in the course of international battle did extra blacks dwell in towns than within the nation-state. via the early Nineteen Seventies, blacks had not just made the transition from rural to city settings, yet have been nearly calmly disbursed among the towns of the North and the West at the one hand and the South at the different. of their quest for complete citizenship rights, monetary democracy, and free up from an oppressive rural previous, black southerners became to city migration and employment within the nation's commercial area as a brand new 'Promised Land' or 'Flight from Egypt'. as a way to light up those changes in African American city existence, this publication brings jointly city historical past; modern social, cultural, and coverage learn; and comparative views on race, ethnicity, and nationality inside and throughout nationwide boundaries.

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Extra info for African American Urban Experience: Perspectives from the Colonial Period to the Present

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During the eighteenth century, at least 65 ironworks were erected in Maryland and Virginia which employed 4,500 hands at any given po int in time . By the nineteenth century, slave-ope rated iro nworks increased to about 80 and collec tively utilized a slave force of approximately seven thousand workers. l 5 Too often historians write about "slavery," when they really mean the slavery that they know. Slavery by whatever name is slavery, of course, but the conditions of slave life varied with a diversity that makes it difficult to generalize along the traditional interpretative axis of accommodation versus oppression.

The new interracial alliances, like those struck during the early nineteenth cen tury, brought wealthy, or at least comfortably middle class whites into association with largely poor, uneducated blacks. T he re were African Americans of considerable wealth and/or education, to be sure. Philadelphia minister Richard Allen; businessman James Forten; international entrepreneur and Massachusetts ship's captain Paul Cuffe ; Canadian newspaper ed itor Mary Ann Shadd Cary ; and New York businesswoman Freelove Slocum were only a few of those who stood level with most white abolitionists in financial achievement.

In the 1670s, a popular uprising in Virginia that began as an attempt by poor whites to appropriate Indian lands evolved into a full-scale interracial rebellion against colonial authority when black servants and slaves joined in. Initially led by Nathanial Bacon, a wealthy Virginia planter, the rebels attacked Jamestown and drove the governor from the colony. Bacon died before the vio lence ended and his forces were defeated, but among those who held out longest were eighty blacks and twenty whites.

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African American Urban Experience: Perspectives from the Colonial Period to the Present by Joe W. Trotter, Earl Lewis, Tera W. Hunter


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