For the 1st time, the tracking and overview document of agricultural guidelines covers OECD member nations (including the hot individuals who joined in the course of 2010 Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia) and chosen key rising economies: Brazil, China, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine. This version exhibits that, after a rise in 2009, manufacturer aid within the OECD sector declined in 2010, confirming the downward development in help to farmers. the fashion in rising economies exhibits a few raise within the point of help, even though it remains good less than the OECD ordinary. This file is a special resource of updated estimates of help to agriculture and is complemented through person chapters on agricultural coverage advancements in all nations lined within the document. info for the calculations of aid can be found online www.oecd.org/agriculture/PSET
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Additional info for Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2011: OECD Countries and Emerging Economies
In the OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook (OECD, 2011a). Developing country markets often lack the capacity to absorb domestic shocks, and can be subject to high domestic and local price volatility even during periods of calm international markets. While weather shocks, pests or other natural calamities and limited access to technologies play an important role, those factors are exacerbated by often poorly functioning markets that could smooth out local production shortfalls. Poor infrastructure, high transport costs, absence of credit or insurance markets may compound the initial difficulty.
All countries lie below this line, reflecting a varying combination of relatively low labour productivity in agriculture (most significant in emerging countries) and the significance of off-farm incomes (the main explanation in higher income OECD countries). Russia and Ukraine were in an unusual situation in 1990, with labour in agriculture more productive than labour in other sectors, following the collapse of industry at this time. Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators. 1. DIVERSITY AMONG NEW OECD MEMBER COUNTRIES AND EMERGING ECONOMIES less productive labour leaving the sector.
In South Africa, about 80% of agricultural land is occupied by commercial farms, with the remaining 20% farmed by smallholders (a similar breakdown to that in Brazil). However, half the commercial farms earn less than ZAR 300 000 (USD 36 800) per annum, suggesting that most of South Africa’s commercial farms are relatively small economic units in international terms. There are about 240 000 small-scale farmers who provide a livelihood to more than 1 million of their family members and occasional employment to another half million.
Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2011: OECD Countries and Emerging Economies by OECD