By Ernst Lutz
Agriculture in constructing international locations has been remarkably efficient over the last few many years; notwithstanding, the construction degrees have been completed on the expense of putting extra rigidity on usual assets and the surroundings. This quantity brings jointly cutting-edge utilized, useful examine concerning agriculture, improvement, and the surroundings within the constructing global. It makes an attempt to distill present wisdom and to summarize it in readable shape for improvement practitioners. the place attainable, authors use particular examples to point which techniques have labored and that have no longer, less than which stipulations, and why.
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Additional info for Agriculture and the Environment: Perspectives on Sustainable Rural Development (World Bank Symposium)
Until recently, natural resources were generally abundant in these areas, and, once used, farmers could allow resources time to recover through rotations and shifting cultivation. Moreover, many of the more fragile lands were not farmed at all. Today, rainfed lands frequently must support moderate to high population densities, providing not only increasing amounts of food but basic essentials such as fuelwood, water, and housing. In the absence of adequate increases in agricultural productivity to secure their livelihoods, farmers reduce needed fallows and expand into new areas, many of which are environmentally fragile and easily degraded.
At higher food prices, the environmental costdegradation of the farm sector's natural resource baseof not reducing distortions in the markets for farm chemicals and irrigation water is higher than it would be if product prices and hence input intensities were lower. Another implication is that the returns to developing countries from investing in agricultural research will be higher in the future as a result of those higher prices. The international agricultural research centers too will contribute more from their research.
It starts with a chapter by Lutz and others (chapter 16) that looks at soil conservation from a farmer's perspective. It argues for more empirical work that assesses the on-farm profitability of soil conservation measures and for less rhetoric. Srivastava and others (chapter 17) assess the importance of biodiversity conservation for agricultural development and propose ways to mainstream agrobiodiversity into agricultural development. Overuse and misuse of pesticides have been a major reason for negative environmental impacts connected with productivity increases.
Agriculture and the Environment: Perspectives on Sustainable Rural Development (World Bank Symposium) by Ernst Lutz