Charles W. Carey Jr.'s American Scientists (American Biographies) PDF

By Charles W. Carey Jr.

ISBN-10: 0816054991

ISBN-13: 9780816054992

Sooner than 1901, while the 1st Nobel Prize used to be presented, many of the state-of-the-art medical study and thought was once being performed in Europe, the place a few of the world-class chemists, physicists, and scientific researchers resided. by means of 2004, americans had gained greater than 2 hundred Nobel Prizes within the sciences - greater than the other unmarried kingdom. in the course of that century American scientists, despite their self-discipline, led the way in which in constructing the theories and experiments that experience propelled humankind's wisdom of technology ahead. "American Scientists" presents 250-300 entries at the scientists who've significantly impacted society and the medical group. every one authoritative access covers the scientist's historical past info, together with information about the individual's expert profession and accomplishments in the medical global. including to this available reference are additional studying lists particular to every access, seventy three images, cross-references, a bibliography, a basic index, and topic indexes - one via self-discipline and one via 12 months of beginning.

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Notable Twentieth-Century Scientists. Detroit: Gale Research, 1995, pp. 177–178. org. ” Available online. URL: http://nobelprize. org/medicine/laureates/1989. Downloaded on July 9, 2004. Blalock, Alfred (1899–1964) physiologist Alfred Blalock was one of the foremost surgeons of his day. He and his colleagues developed three important surgical procedures, the most important being an operation for curing “blue baby” syndrome. Blalock was born on April 5, 1899, in Culloden, Georgia. His father, George, was a merchant, and his mother, Martha, was a homemaker.

During his short stay in Stockholm, he developed an audiometer that is patient-operated, thus permitting the researcher to obtain better feedback concerning what the patient hears. While at Harvard, he built a working mechanical model of the inner ear, complete with a nerve supply, which he constructed from skin from the arm. He published the results of the experiments he performed with these models and techniques in Hearing: Its Psychology and Physiology (1938) and Experiments in Hearing (1960).

He discounted Helmholtz’s theory by showing that hearing takes place as a result of the activity of the basilar membrane. This membrane vibrates according to the sound waves that reach it at its location in the inner ear. Tighter and thinner at its base than it is at the apex of the cochlea, the membrane vibrates in different places. ” This discovery led to a host of developments, not the least of which were better ways to help the deaf regain their hearing. In recognition of his groundbreaking work, Békésy was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.

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American Scientists (American Biographies) by Charles W. Carey Jr.

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