By Charles W. Carey Jr.
Sooner than 1901, while the 1st Nobel Prize used to be presented, many of the state-of-the-art medical study and thought was once being performed in Europe, the place a few of the world-class chemists, physicists, and scientific researchers resided. by means of 2004, americans had gained greater than 2 hundred Nobel Prizes within the sciences - greater than the other unmarried kingdom. in the course of that century American scientists, despite their self-discipline, led the way in which in constructing the theories and experiments that experience propelled humankind's wisdom of technology ahead. "American Scientists" presents 250-300 entries at the scientists who've significantly impacted society and the medical group. every one authoritative access covers the scientist's historical past info, together with information about the individual's expert profession and accomplishments in the medical global. including to this available reference are additional studying lists particular to every access, seventy three images, cross-references, a bibliography, a basic index, and topic indexes - one via self-discipline and one via 12 months of beginning.
Read or Download American Scientists (American Biographies) PDF
Best scientists books
This accomplished quantity completes Frederic Holmes' awesome and unique biography of Hans Krebs, from the investigator's early improvement during the significant section of his groundbreaking research, which lay the principles upon which the fashionable constitution of middleman metabolism is outfitted. With entry to Krebs' study notebooks in addition to to Krebs himself via greater than 5 years of private interviews, the writer presents an insightful research of Hans Krebs and of the medical approach as a complete.
Regardless of his unintended loss of life in June 1942 on the age of 38, Alan Dower Blumlein used to be surely one of many century s such a lot inventive engineers and filed a few a hundred and forty patents. He was once the driver and proposal at the back of an enormous variety of basic options within the fields of radar, electronics and sound recording, among which he held probably the landmark patent allowing stereo sound.
After "Facing Up: technological know-how and Its Cultural Adversaries", masking the interval 1987-2000, this is often the second one compilation of Steven Weinberg's basic essays, overlaying the interval 2000-2008.
Just as Henry David Thoreau “traveled very much in Concord,” Nobel Prize–winning physicist Steven Weinberg sees a lot of the area from the window of his research overlooking Lake Austin. In Lake perspectives Weinberg, thought of by way of many to be the preeminent theoretical physicist alive this day, keeps the wide-ranging reflections that experience additionally earned him a name as, within the phrases of recent York occasions reporter James Glanz, “a strong author of prose that could illuminate—and sting. ”
This assortment offers Weinberg’s perspectives on themes starting from difficulties of cosmology to different global issues—military, political, and spiritual. at the same time he strikes past the limits of technological know-how, each one essay displays his event as a theoretical physicist. And as within the celebrated dealing with Up, the essays convey a perspective that's rationalist, reductionist, realist, and secular. a brand new creation precedes every one essay, explaining the way it got here to be written and bringing it brand new the place necessary.
As an essayist, Weinberg insists on seeing issues as they're, with no depression and with sturdy humor. bound to galvanize his readers—postmodern cultural critics, fanatics for manned house flight or missile security, fiscal conservatives, sociologists of technology, anti-Zionists, and non secular zealots—this booklet still bargains the excitement of a sustained come across with some of the most attention-grabbing medical minds of our time.
Extra resources for American Scientists (American Biographies)
Notable Twentieth-Century Scientists. Detroit: Gale Research, 1995, pp. 177–178. org. ” Available online. URL: http://nobelprize. org/medicine/laureates/1989. Downloaded on July 9, 2004. Blalock, Alfred (1899–1964) physiologist Alfred Blalock was one of the foremost surgeons of his day. He and his colleagues developed three important surgical procedures, the most important being an operation for curing “blue baby” syndrome. Blalock was born on April 5, 1899, in Culloden, Georgia. His father, George, was a merchant, and his mother, Martha, was a homemaker.
During his short stay in Stockholm, he developed an audiometer that is patient-operated, thus permitting the researcher to obtain better feedback concerning what the patient hears. While at Harvard, he built a working mechanical model of the inner ear, complete with a nerve supply, which he constructed from skin from the arm. He published the results of the experiments he performed with these models and techniques in Hearing: Its Psychology and Physiology (1938) and Experiments in Hearing (1960).
He discounted Helmholtz’s theory by showing that hearing takes place as a result of the activity of the basilar membrane. This membrane vibrates according to the sound waves that reach it at its location in the inner ear. Tighter and thinner at its base than it is at the apex of the cochlea, the membrane vibrates in different places. ” This discovery led to a host of developments, not the least of which were better ways to help the deaf regain their hearing. In recognition of his groundbreaking work, Békésy was awarded the 1961 Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine.
American Scientists (American Biographies) by Charles W. Carey Jr.