New PDF release: An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic

By Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff

An creation to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages

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Extra resources for An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium)

Example text

Bayt "house" > bayit); cf. 100. g. *'abd "slave" > *'abed > 'abed. 60 n. 18. In Arabic the case-endings prevent the formation of consonant clusters at the end of a word: 'abd un and 'abd u "slave", rigl un and rigl U "foot". A special situation may, however, arise as a consequence of the effects of sentence stress (cf. 14). g. gabr "slave", pronounced [gabrg]) or by the insertion of a between the consonants ([gabgr]): cf. Ullendorff, SLE, pp. 201-207. 4. 16. A consonant cluster at the end of a word (which would be contrary to the principles of Semitic syllabic structure, cf.

17). 6. b) Disyllables with short vowels: qabar, qabir, qabur, qibar, qibir, qubar, qubur. These themes may be variants of the preceding ones occasioned by the influence of stress or by anaptyxis or by the extension of pausal forms: an example of the elision of a vowel under the impact of stress is Akk. *rapasu > rapsu "wide", fem. rapastu (in Akkadian the first three patterns are generally employed as adjectives). 7. c) Disyllables with long vowel or diphthong in the first syllable: qabar, qabir, qabur, qaybar, qaybiir, qaybur, qawbar.

Sem. sams "sun", nun "fish", layl "night", surS "root", etc. S. As regards this third radical, or "determinant", the following questions arise: which consonants can be so used and with what specific semantic value? g. s- causative), it may be said that the present state of the dictionary does not appear to permit the identification of specific semantic values attached to these "determinants" . 3. 9. e. ). 10. Leaving aside biconsonantal roots and their development, the Semitic languages reveal certain structural incompatibilities which reduce the number of possible combinations in triconsonantal roots.

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An Introduction to the Comparative Grammar of the Semitic Languages: Phonology and Morphology (Porta Linguarum Orientalium) by Sabatino Moscati, Wolfram Von Soden, Anton Spitaler, Professor Emeritus of Semitic Languages and of Ethiopian Studies Edward Ullendorff


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