By George Pattison
This booklet seems at Kierkegaard with a clean standpoint formed by way of the historical past of principles, framed by means of the phrases romanticism and modernism. 'Modernism' right here refers back to the type of highbrow and literary modernism linked to Georg Brandes, and such later 19th and early 20th century figures as J. P. Jacobsen, Nietzsche, Dostoevsky, Ibsen (all usually linked to Kierkegaard in early secondary literature), and the younger Georg Lukacs. This stream, at the moment attracting expanding scholarly recognition, fed into such diverse currents of 20th century suggestion as Bolshevism (as in Lukacs himself), fascism, and the early existentialism of, e.g., Shestov and the unconventional tradition magazine The Brenner (in which Kierkegaard featured on a regular basis, and whose readers incorporated Martin Heidegger). each one of those activities has, arguably, its personal 'Romantic' element and Kierkegaard therefore emerges as a determine who holds jointly or in whom are mirrored either the aspirations and contradictions of early romanticism and its later 19th and 20th century inheritors.
Kierkegaard's particular 'staging' of his authorship within the modern lifetime of Copenhagen, then present process a quick transformation from being the backward capital of an absolutist monarchy to a contemporary, cosmopolitan urban, presents yet another concentration for the amount. during this state of affairs the early Romantic adventure of nature as offering a resource of therapeutic and an adventure of unambiguous lifestyles is transposed right into a extra advanced and, eventually, catastrophic sign up. In articulating those tensions, Kierkegaard's authorship supplied a reflect to his age but additionally expected and inspired later generations who wrestled with their very own models of this case.