By Anil K. Jain
Biometric attractiveness, or just biometrics, is the technological know-how of creating the id of somebody in response to actual or behavioral attributes. it's a swiftly evolving box with purposes starting from securely getting access to one’s machine to gaining access right into a state. whereas the deployment of large-scale biometric structures in either advertisement and executive purposes has elevated the general public expertise of this know-how, "Introduction to Biometrics" is the 1st textbook to introduce the basics of Biometrics to undergraduate/graduate scholars. the 3 wide-spread modalities within the biometrics box, particularly, fingerprint, face, and iris are coated intimately during this ebook. Few different modalities like hand geometry, ear, and gait also are mentioned in short in addition to complicated subject matters comparable to multibiometric platforms and safety of biometric platforms. routines for every bankruptcy can be to be had at the ebook site to assist scholars achieve a greater realizing of the subjects and acquire useful adventure in designing laptop courses for biometric purposes. those are available at: http://www.csee.wvu.edu/~ross/BiometricsTextBook/.
Designed for undergraduate and graduate scholars in laptop technology and electric engineering, "Introduction to Biometrics" is additionally compatible for researchers and biometric and machine protection professionals.
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Biometric popularity, or just biometrics, is the technological know-how of creating the id of someone in keeping with actual or behavioral attributes. it's a speedily evolving box with functions starting from securely gaining access to one’s desktop to gaining access right into a state. whereas the deployment of large-scale biometric platforms in either advertisement and executive functions has elevated the general public understanding of this know-how, "Introduction to Biometrics" is the 1st textbook to introduce the basics of Biometrics to undergraduate/graduate scholars.
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Extra resources for Introduction to Biometrics
Ideally, a database should include samples that are representative of the population and must preferably exhibit realistic intra-class variations (achieved by collecting data over multiple sessions spread over a period of time and in different environmental conditions). Further, due to the involvement of human subjects, legal and privacy issues must also be considered and approval of organizations like the Institutional Review Board (IRB) is mandatory in many countries. This makes biometric data collection a time-consuming, relatively expensive, and cumbersome process.
A part of the biometric data collected during the design stage is used for choosing the appropriate feature set and matching algorithm. The remaining part of the data is used to evaluate whether the designed biometric system satisﬁes the performance requirements of the application in hand. Depending on the results of the evaluation, some steps in the above process may need to be repeated until satisfactory results are obtained. 1 Nature of the application The design of a biometric system completely hinges on the nature of the application in which the biometric system will be used eventually.
A ﬁngerprint is the pattern of ridges and valleys on the surface of a ﬁngertip whose formation is determined during the ﬁrst seven months of fetal development. While ﬁngerprints have been in use in forensic applications for over 100 years, the advent of low-cost and compact ﬁngerprint scanners has spawned a large number of commercial applications in the past ten years. , ten-prints used in Automated Fingerprint Identiﬁcation Systems (AFIS)) can be used to improve the matching performance, though at the cost of more computational resources.
Introduction to Biometrics by Anil K. Jain